Exclusive: Delta’s refinery sacrifices profits for lower fuel cost – memo

By on August 3, 2016

BIG APPLE Delta Air Lines Inc (DAL.N) is flooding the new York market with jet gasoline from its refinery, sacrificing refining earnings as a way to decrease the provider’s gasoline costs, consistent with an organization memo seen Via Reuters.

   The memo, written With The Aid Of the head of Delta’s Monroe Vitality subsidiary, says the refinery will act towards its personal financial pastime to take a look at to maintain decrease jet fuel costs and retailer the nation’s 2d-largest airline cash on fuel, its High operating expense.

    The odd move, in a singular situation, adds to lengthy-standing questions about Delta’s resolution to buy the Philadelphia refinery in 2012. Critics have argued that all the trade advantages from decrease jet gasoline costs, giving Delta no advantage over its rivals for owning the refinery.

Jeff Warmann, who runs the refinery, told employees about the strategy in a July 27 memo. Whereas susceptible jet gas margins have damage the refinery’s final analysis, they have got additionally resulted in decrease gas prices for parent firm Delta, Warmann argued.

“In Most Cases with such low product prices, a service provider refiner would shift yields and MANUFACTURING to other products. We plan to proceed to provide jet gas and pump it into the brand new York market, pressuring the associated fee of jet fuel to even decrease ranges,” Warmann wrote. “This negatively influences our refinery economics, but a great deal helps scale back Delta’s gasoline price.”

The 182,000 barrel-per-day (bpd) refinery based in Coach, Pennsylvania – about 10 miles (Sixteen km) southwest of Philadelphia – produces roughly 40,000 bpd of jet gasoline, accounting for roughly 30 percent of the new York Harbor market, experts say. The memo does now not say how lengthy it plans on running with this strategy.

the brand new York Harbor market is the guts of U.S. jet gasoline Trading.


Ed Hirs, an Power economist at the College of Houston and longtime critic of the airline’s decision to buy the refinery, mentioned at these ranges Delta could affect the costs of jet gas, however noted that its rivals like Southwest Airways Co (LUV.N) and United Continental Holdings Inc (UAL.N) enjoy the benefit of these lower prices too, with out the burden of operating a refinery.

“They Are the usage of shareholder money to subsidize the other Airways,” stated Hirs.

Warmann’s memo stated the technique value the refinery about $ 30 million In The 2d quarter, which left it with a $ 10 million loss for the period, but he mentioned it saved Delta about $ 100 million.

To Position that in viewpoint, Delta suggested internet revenue of more than $ 1.5 billion In The quarter. Its total adjusted gasoline fee fell $ 408 million from the identical quarter the yr ahead of, in spite of $ 614 million in losses on gas hedges, a remnant of when costs were a lot higher. The airline has no gas hedges for the remainder of the yr.

Three former commissioners of the U.S. Commodity Futures Buying And Selling Commission, or CFTC, said in interviews with Reuters that Warmann’s comments would seemingly be a focus for regulators, however that it isn’t special for Energy corporations to check out to persuade commodity prices. They stated corporations get into trouble after they manipulate commodity prices and take market positions intended to profit from their affect.

Delta said the motion was criminal, and not manipulation.

“Delta has at all times stated that the refinery is part of an integrated strategy aimed at managing our jet gas prices. Guaranteeing provide and reducing gas costs isn’t manipulation, it’s a natural outcome of proudly owning the business. We Are comfy that our technique is absolutely compliant with the law,” a Delta spokesman mentioned Tuesday.


In contemporary weeks, the refinery has CUT MANUFACTURING By nearly 25 p.c to assist trim high product inventories and susceptible margins, but virtually the entire cuts had been to gasoline and have not affected jet fuel output, a supply informed Reuters on Tuesday.

East Coast inventories of jet gas had been at 9.2 million barrels closing week, decrease than at the moment of 12 months In The remaining 5 years, in keeping with the U.S. Division of Energy. Refining margins have been hurt With The Aid Of excessive inventories, inflicting some refiners to chop runs to trim stockpiles and raise profits.

Spot jet gasoline costs fell below $ 1 a gallon earlier this year, their lowest ranges considering 2009, according to the Power Division.

An executive at a rival East Coast refinery said on Tuesday that Delta might not be putting pressure on jet gas prices in any respect, arguing the rising prices of renewable gas CREDIT, often called RINs, have played a much more essential role in pressuring prices. The Executive asked not to be named as he is not licensed to talk publicly for the corporate.


Refiners earn CREDIT By Way Of blending biofuels like ethanol into gas and diesel or buying them Within The open market, however jet gas is exempt from the necessities.

The CREDITS averaged about 78 cents apiece In The 2nd quarter of 2016, about 25 p.c above the same length a 12 months ago. Jet gasoline has bought at a bargain towards the distillate benchmark value that is roughly equal to the CREDIT worth.

Jet fuel’s discount can be greater than the cost of renewable CREDITS if Delta’s strategy was successful, The Executive argued.

“The Reason jet is cheap isn’t on account of Delta, it is because of RINs pricing,” The Chief stated.

After winning years in 2014 and 2015, Delta’s refinery misplaced $ 10 million Within The 2nd quarter, following a loss of $ 18 million In The first quarter, and the corporate expects the refinery to lose money this yr.

In The memo, Warmann mentioned the combination of high product inventories and the disappearance of low cost home crude has conspired to make the 0.33 and fourth quarters “very difficult.”

(Reporting With The Aid Of Jarrett Renshaw; Modifying With The Aid Of David Gaffen and Invoice Rigby)

Reuters: Top Information

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